High Risk Pregnancy
What is a “High Risk Pregnancy”?
Pregnancy is a time of great change and excitement for parents-to-be. However, it can be a time of uncertainty and anxiety as well.
What are the chances that my baby will be born prematurely or have other health problems? How can I reduce my risk of having a child born with birth defects? These are just normal questions that pop up. While most pregnancies go smoothly, some could be problematic. There are cases wherein a pregnant woman might have to go through or experience what doctors refer to as high-risk pregnancy.
A pregnancy that involves a profound and potential complication that could risk the health and life of the mother or baby or both in some cases is known as a high-risk pregnancy. Again, the high-risk pregnancy cannot be categorised and predicted as it could happen to anyone anywhere and anytime during the pregnancy.
Managing a High Risk Pregnancy
The Most Effective Ways to Manage High-Risk Pregnancy
A high-risk pregnancy is one that poses a danger to the health of the mother or baby. If you’re facing this situation, it’s important to know what to expect as your pregnancy progresses. Here’s a look at the effective ways to manage high-risk pregnancy issues.
A high-risk pregnancy can happen to anyone. It is essential to consult with a doctor even before you are planning on having a baby. This will help rule out or treat conditions that could give rise to high-risk pregnancies. Depending on the woman’s medical history and the risk factors specific to pregnancy, the chances are that the treatment involved might vary.
What you need to know about recurrent miscarriages
Suffering a miscarriage can be a difficult experience that is often shrouded in secrecy and taboo. The physical pain of miscarriage is accompanied by the emotional pain of grief for a loss that may have been planned or deeply desired, but never fully known. Statistically, 10 -15% of women experience one miscarriage, 5% two miscarriages and about 1-2% have more than two miscarriages.
A five-city study, which was published in The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India, in 2015 said 32% of the 2400 participants had suffered a miscarriage. This puts Indian women more prone to miscarriages.
Can a high risk pregnancy be prevented?
High-risk pregnancies seem to be increasing day by day, and the first thought that enters a mom-to-be or someone planning their pregnancy is, “Can high-risk pregnancy be prevented?”.
Make these smart choices
There are no shortcuts or prevention methods to avoid high-risk pregnancy; however, there are various methods that you may include in your life to reduce the risks and increase your chances of having a healthy pregnancy.
FAQs on High Risk Pregnancy
How do you prepare for a high-risk pregnancy?
A high-risk pregnancy can occur to anyone despite taking the best of precautions. However, once you know about it, it is ideal you have an in-depth conversation with your doctor and your family for support. You need to stay informed, and start listening to your body. Even the slightest change should be brought up during the doctor visits. Bank on your family and friends and try to remain in a happy frame of mind during the duration of the pregnancy.
Do I fall into a high-risk pregnancy category?
Various factors lead to high-risk pregnancy. While some may be due to an existing medical condition, some others develop during the time of the pregnancy itself. The age of the would-be mother matters so does health problems like obesity, endocrinal diseases and heart conditions. Pregnancy risks are higher for women carrying twins. It is absolutely important for people who are planning to get pregnant to get a medical check-up to know if they run the risk of high-risk pregnancy.
What are the treatments for a high-risk pregnancy?
Staying informed is the most effective way of managing high-risk pregnancies. Preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and depression are some of the factors that can be monitored and treated during pregnancy. Once the healthcare professionals identify the factors that make your pregnancy a high risk one, follow their instructions to the T. It is ideal to stay in bed if you have been advised to take complete bed rest.
What is a high-risk pregnancy?
A high-risk pregnancy is one in which the health care provider finds that certain complications could affect the expecting mother. The most common factors are Preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and depression. While these can be treated, it puts the would-be mother into a high-risk category. A high-risk pregnancy calls for constant healthcare support.
Do I need special tests to know if I run a risk for a high-risk pregnancy?
If you have a pre-existing condition it is ideal to do a special test before planning a pregnancy. Your health care professional will suggest a series of tests including lab tests and ultrasound. In some cases, they may suggest a prenatal cell-free DNA screening too.
Will all my future pregnancies be high risk?
It has been found that First pregnancy complications are linked to an increased risk of future premature birth and related complications. Term complications included pre-eclampsia (abnormally high blood pressure and excess protein in the urine), placental abruption (when the placenta comes away from the womb), stillbirth, neonatal death (in the first 28 days), and having a small baby (small for gestational age). If you are planning a second pregnancy, it is always ideal to be monitored closely by healthcare professionals
Is there a link between obesity and high-risk pregnancy
Obese pregnant women are at increased risk of maternal death and complications during pregnancy and labour. Obesity is associated with increased risk of almost all pregnancy complications such as gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), delivery of a large for gestational age (LGA) infant, and a higher incidence of congenital defects all occur more frequently than in women with a normal BMI. This makes it important that a woman who is planning on pregnancy should maintain a normal BMI
What are the things I need to keep a check on if I have a high-risk pregnancy?
A high-risk pregnancy will have ups and downs. Be aware and Contact your health care provider if you have:
- Vaginal bleeding or watery vaginal discharge
- Severe headaches
- Pain or cramping in the lower abdomen
- Decreased fetal activity
- Pain or burning with urination
- Changes in vision, including blurred vision
- Sudden or severe swelling in the face, hands or fingers
- Fever or chills
- Vomiting or persistent nausea
- Thoughts of harming yourself or your baby
What are the chances of high-risk pregnancies in India?
In India, about 20-30% of pregnancies belong to the high-risk category, which is responsible for 75% of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Early detection and effective management of high-risk pregnancies can contribute substantially to the reduction of maternal and foetal adverse outcomes.
Has the government of India taken some measures to support women with high-risk pregnancies?
Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan is an initiative of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India to identify high-risk pregnancies early and follow them so that they can be referred to health care centres with proper facilities so that women with high-risk pregnancies may have healthy pregnancies and deliveries without complications.